And then in Ainsi soit-il , his last film, I played the principal character, the son. Actually, it was my youngest half-brother who was supposed to play this character, but they got into a fight, so my father asked me to play the character. For me being part of the film was a powerful experience.
One year after the film. This was the last scene that I played on the film, the last scene I had to play was this scene in the cemetery…. BD: What was it like working with your father as an actor? He never actually said it out loud but there was something, you know…. Besides health there were many other difficulties in his life, money, problems with his wife and with my youngest brother, whom he liked very much and as I said, they had gotten into a fight. My father was a rebel, he was always rebelling. That to me is a kind of choice to continue rebelling against many things he had rebelled against in his life.
He always controlled things, even if he drank a lot he always knew what he had to do during the shoot. My father always justified his mother and said that she was like this because she was angry against men. I think that as a result of all this, my father in a way was always looking for the love of his mother and that is indeed the theme of several of his films including A Child in the Crowd. Why do you think he wanted to deal with the theme of family in his work? PB: Yes, family was important to him because as I was saying, when he was young he had no love, he was alone.
And the love of his sons particularly was very important. He was always unconditional in his love for us. The film tells a story of love between two young people, a young girl, who was born in France but has an Algerian background, and her young boyfriend. He was completely amazed by the harmony between this family, it was a big family, there was the mother and many brothers and sisters.
We would sit with them around the table and eat and discuss. BD: Your father started as an actor and not only had an important career in France, he also went to Hollywood where he would have probably also succeeded. Where do you think his desire to become a director came from? PB: I think it came very early.
I think he had to express something else. But at the beginning, I think he really wanted to act. He came from the street so he had to make his own life and he decided to try and see if he could get roles but at the same time he took boxing. He had his sensibility but a good face. My father was also a stable lad, you know, one of the guys who train horses. So he kept doing different little jobs like this but luckily he got roles to act in film fairly quickly, in part because of his face, but also because of his character and his personality.
So as he started acting he got more interested in thinking about how to work the scenes so sometimes he would give suggestions to the directors about how to do things. I imagine it must not have been easy for the directors to have an actor that opened his mouth so much. I mean, ultimately, he would do what the director said, he of course respected the director. But as he was having his own ideas about how to do things, he began to write scripts. They refused because it was and it was a story in part about a homosexual relationship. They said, no, because they found that the relationship according to them was not moral.
Then, there was also another script that he never made and it followed two guys who had come back to Paris after the Algerian war, and all they did was cheat and do very bad things.
So the CNC said no again, they said the film was completely against the army and against France. They actually told him even if you find the money, we will not let the film get out. There was another president in place and times had changed so they said ok this time. He had his own moral code. But when he had time for reflection, when he began to write his reflections, and started to think about what he really wanted to be, he wrote his characters, which are his heroes.
Art and Contretemps, and a walk with writer Catherine Berry - FRENCH WORD-A-DAY
It was the same with Pierre et Djemila , there was a big controversy in Cannes. People were saying that it was racist, against Arabs… they understood nothing. I was wondering if that was a filmmaker he admired and if there were others? Depending on the nation, there may be limits on the number of songs and total length for sales to count in singles charts.
Dire Straits ' " Brothers in Arms " is reported to have been the world's first CD single, issued in the UK in two separate singles as a promotional item, one distinguished with a logo for the tour, Live in'85, a second to commemorate the Australian leg of the tour marked Live in' Containing four tracks, it had a limited print run. The smaller CDs were more successful in Japan and had a resurgence in Europe early this century, marketed as "Pock it" CDs, being small enough to fit in a shirt pocket.
In the UK, record companies would release two CDs but these consisted of three tracks or more each. During the s, CD single releases became less common in certain countries and were released in smaller editions, as the major record labels feared they were cannibalizing the sales of higher-profit-margin CD albums.
Pressure from record labels made singles charts in some countries become song charts, allowing album cuts to chart based only on airplay, without a single being released. In the US, the Billboard Hot made this change in December , after which few songs were released in the CD single format in the US, but they remained popular in the UK and other countries, where charts were still based on single sales and not radio airplay. At the end of the s, the CD was the biggest-selling single format in the UK, but in the US, the dominant single format was airplay.
With the advent of digital music sales, the CD single has been replaced as a distribution format in most countries, most charts now include digital download counts as well as physical single sales. While CD singles no longer maintain their own section of the store, copies are still distributed but placed with the artist's albums.
Sanity Entertainment , having resisted the decline for longer than the other major outlets, has ceased selling CD singles. In China and South Korea , CD single releases have been rare since the format was introduced, due of the amount of infringement and illegal file sharing over the internet, most of the time singles have been album cuts chart based only on airplay, but with the advent of digital music the charts have occasionally included digital download counts.
In Greece and Cyprus , the term "CD single" is used to describe an extended play in which there may be anywhere from three to six different tracks. These releases charted on the Greek Singles Chart with songs released as singles; the original CD single is a music single released on a mini Compact Disc that measures 8 cm in diameter, rather than the standard 12 cm. While mini CDs have fallen out of popularity among most major record labels, they remain a popular, low cost way for independent musicians and groups to release music.
Capable of holding up to 20 minutes of music, most mini CD singles contain at least two tracks, ofte. Snow Snow refers to forms of ice crystals that precipitate from the atmosphere and undergo changes on the Earth's surface.
It pertains to frozen crystalline water throughout its life cycle, starting when, under suitable conditions, the ice crystals form in the atmosphere, increase to millimeter size and accumulate on surfaces metamorphose in place, melt, slide or sublimate away. Snowstorms develop by feeding on sources of atmospheric moisture and cold air.
Snowflakes nucleate around particles in the atmosphere by attracting supercooled water droplets, which freeze in hexagonal-shaped crystals. Snowflakes take on a variety of shapes, basic among these are platelets , needles and rime; as snow accumulates into a snowpack , it may blow into drifts. Over time, accumulated snow metamorphoses , by sintering and freeze-thaw. Where the climate is cold enough for year-to-year accumulation, a glacier may form.
Otherwise, snow melts seasonally, causing runoff into streams and rivers and recharging groundwater. Major snow-prone areas include the polar regions, the upper half of the Northern Hemisphere and mountainous regions worldwide with sufficient moisture and cold temperatures. In the Southern Hemisphere , snow is confined to mountainous areas, apart from Antarctica. Snow affects such human activities as transportation: creating the need for keeping roadways and windows clear. Snow affects ecosystems, as well, by providing an insulating layer during winter under which plants and animals are able to survive the cold.
Snow develops in clouds; the physics of snow crystal development in clouds results from a complex set of variables that include moisture content and temperatures. The resulting shapes of the falling and fallen crystals can be classified into a number of basic shapes and combinations, thereof; some plate-like and stellar-shaped snowflakes can form under clear sky with a cold temperature inversion present.
Snow clouds occur in the context of larger weather systems, the most important of, the low pressure area, which incorporate warm and cold fronts as part of their circulation. Two additional and locally productive sources of snow are lake-effect storms and elevation effects in mountains. Mid-latitude cyclones are low pressure areas which are capable of producing anything from cloudiness and mild snow storms to heavy blizzards.
During a hemisphere's fall and spring, the atmosphere over continents can be cold enough through the depth of the troposphere to cause snowfall. In the Northern Hemisphere, the northern side of the low pressure area produces the most snow.